Urbanization, Work and Community: The Logic of City Life in the Contemporary World

Allen J. Scott

Abstract


Purpose: I initiate the discussion with a statement about cognitive-cultural capitalism and its concentration in large global cities. This is followed by an argument to the effect that the specificity of the city resides in the manner in which the diverse social phenomena that it contains are brought into a composite pattern of spatial integration. With these preliminaries in mind, I examine the economic structure of the city in cognitive-cultural capitalism, with special reference to the emergence of a new division of labor and the changing configuration of intra-urban production space. This account leads directly to consideration of the restratification of urban society and its effects on neighborhood development and social life. The final section of the paper picks up on the notion of the Common in cognitive-cultural capitalism and offers some speculative remarks regarding the implications of this phenomenon for the economic and social order of cities.

Methodology/Approach: Historical and geographical narrative combined with appeals to the theory of political economy.

Findings: Cognitive-cultural capitalism is emerging as a dominant force of social and economic change in the twenty-first century. This trend is also evident in new patterns of urbanization that are emerging on all five continents. These patterns reflect dramatic shifts in the structure of urban production systems and the significant restratification of urban society that has been occurring as a consequence.

Research Limitation/implication: The paper is pitched at a high level of conceptual abstraction. Detailed empirical investigation/testing of the main theoretical points outlined in the paper is urgently called for.

Originality/Value of paper: The paper offers an overall theoretical synthesis of the interrelationships between cognitive-cultural capitalism and processes of urbanization.


Keywords


capitalism; cognitive-cultural economy; Common; global city-regions; urbanization

Full Text:

PDF

References


Allen, G.C., 1929. The Industrial Development of Birmingham and the Black Country. Hemel Hempstead: Allen and Unwin.

Benevolo, L., 1971. The Origins of Modern Town Planning. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Benkler, Y., 2003. Freedom in the commons: towards a political economy of information. Duke Law Journal, 52(6), pp.1245-1276.

Castells, M., 2013. The impact of the Internet on society: a global perspective. In: F. González, ed. 2014. Ch@nge: 19 Key Essays on How Internet is Changing our Lives. Bilbao: BBVA. pp.132-133.

Chamberlin, E., 1933. The Theory of Monopolistic Competition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Coin, F., 2013. Turning contradictions into subjects: the cultural logic of university assessment. Knowledge Cultures, 1(4), pp.142-166.

Currid-Halkett, E. and Scott, A.J., 2013. The geography of celebrity and glamour: reflections on economy, culture, and desire in the city. Cities, Culture and Society, 4(1), pp.2-11.

Feldman, M.P. and Florida, R., 1994. The geographic sources of innovation: technological infrastructure and product innovation in the United States. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, [e-journal] 84(2), pp.210 - 227. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8306.1994.tb01735.x.

Florida, R., 2004. Cities and the Creative Class. London: Routledge.

Fumagalli, A., 2011. Twenty theses on contemporary capitalism (cognitive biocapitalism). Angelaki: Journal of Theoretical Humanities, 16(3), pp.7-17.

Glass, R., 1964. London: Aspects of change. In: L. Less, T. Slater and E. Wyly, eds. 2013. The Gentrification reader. The Centre for Urban Studies. Aspects of Change. London: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group. pp. vii-ix.

Gouldner, A., 1979. The Future of Intellectuals and the Rise of the New Class. New York: Seabury.

Haase, A., Kabisch, S., Steinführer, A., Bouzarovski, S., Hall, R. and Ogden, P., 2010. Emergent Spaces of Reurbanisation: Exploring the Demographic Dimension of Inner-city Residential Change in a European Setting. Population Space And Place, [e-journal] 16(5), pp.443 - 463. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/psp.603.

Hall, P., 1998. Cities in Civilization. New York: Pantheon.

Hardt, M. and Negri, A., 2009. Commonwealth. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.

Harvey, D., 1978. The urban process under capitalism: a framewok for analysis. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, [e-journal] 2(1-4), pp.101 - 131. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.1978.tb00738.x.

Harvey, D., 2012. Rebel Cities. London: Verso.

Kraftl, P., 2014. Liveability and urban architectures: mol(ecul)ar biopower and the 'becoming lively' of sustainable communities. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, [e-journal] 32(2), pp.274 - 292. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/d21012.

Merrifield, A., 2014. The New Urban Question. New York: Pluto Press.

Moulier Boutang, Y., 2007. Le Capitalisme Cognitif, Comprendre la Nouvelle Grande Transformation et ses Enjeux. Paris: Editions Amsterdam.

Ó'hUallacháin, B., 1999. Patent places: size matters. Journal of Regional Science, [e-journal] 39(4), pp.613 - 636. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/0022-4146.00152.

Ostrom, E., 2010. Beyond markets and states: polycentric governance of complex economic systems. American Economic Review, [e-journal] 100(3), pp.641 - 672. http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/aer.100.3.641.

Peters, M.A. and Bulut, E., 2011. Introduction: cognitive capitalism, education, and the question of immaterial labor. In: M.A. Peters and E. Bulut, eds. 2011. Cognitive Capitalism, Education and Digital Labor. New York: Peter Lang. pp. xxv-xl.

Rabari, C. and Storper, M., 2015. The digital skin of cities: urban theory and research in the age of the sensored and metered city, ubiquitous computing and big data. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, [e-journal] 8, pp.27 - 42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cjres/rsu021.

Rifkin, J., 2014. The Zero Marginal-Cost Society. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Scott, A.J., 2011. Emerging cities of the third wave. City: Analysis of Urban Trends, Culture, Theory, Policy, Action, [e-journal] 15(3-4), pp.289 - 321. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13604813.2011.595569.

Scott, A.J., 2012. A World in Emergence: Cities and Regions in the 21st Century. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Scott, A.J., 2014. Beyond the creative city: cognitive-cultural economy and the new urbanism. Regional Studies, [e-journal] 48(4), pp.565 - 578. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2014.891010.

Scott, A.J. and Storper, M., 2015. The nature of cities: the scope and limits of urban theory. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, [e-journal] 39(1), pp.1 - 15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2427.12134.

Sklair, L., 2010. Iconic architecture and the culture-ideology of consumerism. Theory, Culture and Society, [e-journal] 27(5), pp.135 - 159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0263276410374634

Smith, N., 1982. Gentrification and uneven development. Economic Geography, 58(2), pp.139-155.

Standing, G., 2011. The Precariat: The New Dangerous Class. London: Bloomsbury.

Taylor, P.J., Derudder, B., Hoyler, M. and Ni, P., 2013. New regional geographies of the world as practised by leading advanced producer service firms in 2010. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, [e-journal] 38(3), pp.497 - 511. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-5661.2012.00545.x.

Vercellone, C. and Negri, T., 2008. Le rapport capital/travail dans le capitalisme cognitif. Multitudes, 32, pp.39-50.

Whyte, W.H., 1957. The Organization Man. Garden City: Doubleday.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12776/qip.v21i1.785

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Allen J. Scott

ISSN 1335-1745 (print)
ISSN 1338-984X (online)
CCBY crossref cope
Indexed in:

SCOPUSEBSCO DOAJ Cabells
Econ papersIdeas RePecGoogle scholar